Pop-music styles as the work of studio production techniques, post-1960s. We explore four influential artists--The Beach Boys ("Pet Sounds" 1966, and later albums); Stevie Wonder ("Music of My Mind" 1971 to "Songs in the Key of Life" 1976); Steely Dan (albums released 1972-79) and Prince (albums 1977 to 1987). Topics include: history of studio production, multi-track tape innovations, orchestrations, backing vocals, sonic balance, space; synthesizer technology; drum-machine grooves, Close reading of songs, producers, studio styles, press/fan reception. Analysis of music in acoustic, narrative, poetic or structural terms through close listening. Readings from critical literature.