Charmaine DM Royal

Associate Professor in the Department of African and African American Studies

External Address: 
234 Friedl Bldg, Box 90252, Durham, NC 27708-0141
Internal Office Address: 
Duke Box 90252, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 668-6515
Office Hours: 
By appointment


Charmaine Royal is associate professor of African & African American Studies, Biology, and Community & Family Medicine at Duke University. She is also core faculty in the Duke Initiative for Science and Society, faculty affiliate in the Duke Global Health Institute, and senior fellow in the Kenan Institute for Ethics.

Dr. Royal’s research, scholarship, and teaching focus on social and ethical issues in genetics and genomics on a global scale, particularly the intersection of 'race' and genetics, its policy implications and practical interventions. She serves on several national and international professional committees and boards related to these topics. She directs the Duke Center on Genomics, Race, Identity, Difference (GRID) that aims to inform and transform the concepts, uses, and impacts of 'race' in research, healthcare, and society.

Dr. Royal received a master’s in genetic counseling and a doctorate in human genetics from Howard University. She completed postgraduate training in bioethics and ELSI (ethical, legal, and social implications) research at the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health, and in epidemiology and behavioral medicine at Howard University Cancer Center.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Howard University 1997

  • M.S., Howard University 1992

Foster, MW, Royal, CDM, and Sharp, RR. "The routinisation of genomics and genetics: implications for ethical practices." JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ETHICS 32.11 (November 1, 2006): 635-638. Full Text

Brezo, J, Royal, C, Ampy, F, and Headings, V. "Ethnic identity and type 2 diabetes health attitudes in Americans of African ancestry." Ethnicity & disease 16.3 (January 2006): 624-632.

Royal, CDM. "Ethical implications of ancestry testing and genetic identity." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (2006): 155-155.

Altshuler, D, Brooks, LD, Chakravarti, A, Collins, FS, Daly, MJ, Donnelly, P, Gibbs, RA, Belmont, JW, Boudreau, A, Leal, SM, Hardenbol, P, Pasternak, S, Wheeler, DA, Willis, TD, Yu, FL, Yang, HM, Zeng, CQ, Gao, Y, Hu, HR, Hu, WT, Li, CH, Lin, W, Liu, SQ, Pan, H, Tang, XL, Wang, J, Wang, W, Yu, J, Zhang, B, Zhang, QR, Zhao, HB, Zhao, H, Zhou, J, Gabriel, SB, Barry, R, Blumenstiel, B, Camargo, A, Defelice, M, Faggart, M, Goyette, M, Gupta, S, Moore, J, Nguyen, H, Onofrio, RC, Parkin, M, and Roy, J et al. "A haplotype map of the human genome." NATURE 437.7063 (October 27, 2005): 1299-1320. Full Text

Wilson, JG, Rotimi, CN, Ekunwe, L, Royal, CDM, Crump, ME, Wyatt, SB, Steffes, MW, Adeyemo, A, Zhou, J, Taylor, HA, and Jaquish, C. "Study design for genetic analysis in the Jackson Heart Study." Ethnicity & disease 15.4 Suppl 6 (January 2005): S6-30-37-.

Wilson, JG, Rotimi, CN, Ekunwe, L, Royal, CDM, Crump, ME, Wyatt, SB, Steffes, MW, Adeyemo, A, Zhou, J, Taylor, HA, and Jaquish, C. "Study design for genetic analysis in the Jackson Heart Study." ETHNICITY & DISEASE 15.4 (2005): S30-S37.

Royal, CDM, and Dunston, GM. "Changing the paradigm from 'race' to human genome variation." NATURE GENETICS 36.11 (November 2004): S5-S7. Full Text

Ahaghotu, C, Baffoe-Bonnie, A, Kittles, R, Pettaway, C, Powell, I, Royal, C, Wang, H, Vijayakumar, S, Bennett, J, Hoke, G, Mason, T, Bailey-Wilson, J, Boykin, W, Berg, K, Carpten, J, Weinrich, S, Trent, J, Dunston, G, and Collins, F. "Clinical characteristics of African-American men with hereditary prostate cancer: the AAHPC Study." Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases 7.2 (January 2004): 165-169. Full Text

Gibbs, RA, Belmont, JW, Hardenbol, P, Willis, TD, Yu, FL, Yang, HM, Ch'ang, LY, Huang, W, Liu, B, Shen, Y, Tam, PKH, Tsui, LC, Waye, MMY, Wong, JTF, Zeng, CQ, Zhang, QR, Chee, MS, Galver, LM, Kruglyak, S, Murray, SS, Oliphant, AR, Montpetit, A, Hudson, TJ, Chagnon, F, Ferretti, V, Leboeuf, M, Phillips, MS, Verner, A, Kwok, PY, Duan, SH, Lind, DL, Miller, RD, Rice, JP, Saccone, NL, Taillon-Miller, P, Xiao, M, Nakamura, Y, Sekine, A, Sorimachi, K, Tanaka, T, Tanaka, Y, Tsunoda, T, and Yoshino, E et al. "The International HapMap Project." NATURE 426.6968 (December 18, 2003): 789-796. Full Text

Weinrich, SP, Faison-Smith, L, Hudson-Priest, J, Royal, C, and Powell, I. "Stability of self-reported family history of prostate cancer among African American men." Journal of nursing measurement 10.1 (March 2002): 39-46. Full Text