Charmaine DM Royal

Associate Professor in the Department of African and African American Studies

External Address: 
234 Friedl Bldg, Box 90252, Durham, NC 27708-0141
Internal Office Address: 
Duke Box 90252, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 668-6515
Office Hours: 
By appointment


Charmaine Royal is associate professor of African & African American Studies, Biology, and Community & Family Medicine at Duke University. She is also core faculty in the Duke Initiative for Science and Society, faculty affiliate in the Duke Global Health Institute, and senior fellow in the Kenan Institute for Ethics.

Dr. Royal’s research, scholarship, and teaching focus on social and ethical issues in genetics and genomics on a global scale, particularly the intersection of 'race' and genetics, its policy implications and practical interventions. She serves on several national and international professional committees and boards related to these topics. She directs the Duke Center on Genomics, Race, Identity, Difference (GRID) that aims to inform and transform the concepts, uses, and impacts of 'race' in research, healthcare, and society.

Dr. Royal received a master’s in genetic counseling and a doctorate in human genetics from Howard University. She completed postgraduate training in bioethics and ELSI (ethical, legal, and social implications) research at the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health, and in epidemiology and behavioral medicine at Howard University Cancer Center.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Howard University 1997

  • M.S., Howard University 1992

Wagner, JK, Cooper, JD, Sterling, R, and Royal, CD. "Tilting at windmills no longer: a data-driven discussion of DTC DNA ancestry tests." Genetics in medicine : official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics 14.6 (June 2012): 586-593. Full Text

Manswell Butty, J-A, Richardson, F, Mouton, CP, Royal, CDM, Green, RD, and Munroe, K-A. "Evaluation findings from genetics and family health history community-based workshops for African Americans." Journal of community genetics 3.1 (January 2012): 1-12. Full Text

Akinleye, I, Roberts, JS, Royal, CDM, Linnenbringer, E, Obisesan, TO, Fasaye, G-A, and Green, RC. "Differences Between African American and White Research Volunteers in Their Attitudes, Beliefs and Knowledge Regarding Genetic Testing for Alzheimer's Disease." JOURNAL OF GENETIC COUNSELING 20.6 (December 2011): 650-659. Full Text

Royal, CD, Jonassaint, CR, Jonassaint, JC, and De Castro, LM. "Living with sickle cell disease: traversing 'race' and identity." Ethn Health 16.4-5 (August 2011): 389-404. Full Text

Royal, CDM. "My Genome, My Identity, My Health." SCIENCE 331.6018 (February 11, 2011): 690-691. Full Text

Rusert, BM, and Royal, CDM. "Grassroots Marketing in a Global Era: More Lessons from BiDil." JOURNAL OF LAW MEDICINE & ETHICS 39.1 (2011): 79-+. Full Text

Jonassaint, CR, Jonassaint, JC, Stanton, MV, De Castro, LM, and Royal, CD. "Clinical and sociodemographic factors predict coping styles among adults with sickle cell disease." J Natl Med Assoc 102.11 (November 2010): 1045-1049.

Jonassaint, CR, Santos, ER, Glover, CM, Payne, PW, Fasaye, G-A, Oji-Njideka, N, Hooker, S, Hernandez, W, Foster, MW, Kittles, RA, and Royal, CD. "Regional differences in awareness and attitudes regarding genetic testing for disease risk and ancestry." Human genetics 128.3 (September 2010): 249-260. Full Text

International HapMap 3 Consortium, , Altshuler, DM, Gibbs, RA, Peltonen, L, Altshuler, DM, Gibbs, RA, Peltonen, L, Dermitzakis, E, Schaffner, SF, Yu, F, Peltonen, L, Dermitzakis, E, Bonnen, PE, Altshuler, DM, Gibbs, RA, de Bakker, PIW, Deloukas, P, Gabriel, SB, Gwilliam, R, Hunt, S, Inouye, M, Jia, X, Palotie, A, Parkin, M, Whittaker, P, Yu, F, Chang, K, Hawes, A, Lewis, LR, Ren, Y, Wheeler, D, Gibbs, RA, Muzny, DM, Barnes, C, Darvishi, K, Hurles, M, Korn, JM, Kristiansson, K, and Lee, C et al. "Integrating common and rare genetic variation in diverse human populations." Nature 467.7311 (September 2010): 52-58. Full Text

Sirugo, G, Williams, SM, Royal, CDM, Newport, MJ, Hennig, BJ, Mariani-Costantini, R, Buonaguro, FM, Velez Edwards, DR, Ibrahim, M, Soodyall, H, Wonkam, A, Ramesar, R, and Rotimi, CN. "Report on the 6th African Society of Human Genetics (AfSHG) Meeting, March 12-15, 2009, Yaounde, Cameroon." The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 83.2 (August 2010): 226-229. Full Text