Charmaine DM Royal

Charmaine DM Royal

Associate Professor in the Department of African and African American Studies

External Address: 
234 Friedl Bldg, Box 90252, Durham, NC 27708-0141
Internal Office Address: 
Duke Box 90252, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 668-6515
Office Hours: 
By appointment


Charmaine Royal is Associate Professor of African & African American Studies, Biology, Global Health, and Family Medicine & Community Health at Duke University. She also has appointments in the Duke Initiative for Science & Society, the Kenan Institute for Ethics, and the Social Science Research Institute where she directs the Center on Genomics, Race, Identity, Difference and the Center for Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation.

Dr. Royal’s research, scholarship, and teaching are transdisciplinary and global, focusing on scientific, clinical, ethical, social, and policy implications of genetic and genomic research, particularly issues at the intersection of genetics and constructs of race, ethnicity, ancestry, and other descent-related identities. She serves on numerous domestic and international professional committees and boards related to these topics.

Dr. Royal received a master’s in genetic counseling and a doctorate in human genetics from Howard University. She completed postgraduate training in bioethics and ELSI (ethical, legal, and social implications) research at the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health, and in epidemiology and behavioral medicine at Howard University Cancer Center.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Howard University 1997

  • M.S., Howard University 1992

Selected Grants

Transfusion Medicine and Hematology awarded by National Institutes of Health (Participating Faculty Member). 1975 to 2021

Transfusion Medicine and Hematology awarded by National Institutes of Health (Participating Faculty Member). 1975 to 2021

Understanding the Intersection of Stigma and Self-Management in Sickle Cell Disease awarded by National Institutes of Health (Sponsor). 2017 to 2020

Public Perspectives and Experience Regarding Genetic Ancestry Testing awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2016

Perspectives and Experience Regarding the NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Testing awarded by National Collegiate Athletic Association (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2015

Ethics as a Guide for the Use of "Race" and Ancestry in Research and Clinical Practice awarded by Greenwall Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Royal, C. D. M., and K. FitzGerald. “Race, Genetics, and Ethics.” African American Bioethics: Culture, Race, and Identity, edited by Edmund D. Pellegrino, Georgetown University Press, 2007, pp. 137–52.

Royal, C. D. M., and G. Dunston. “The Human Genome: Implications for the Health of African Americans.” Praeger Handbook of Black American Health, edited by Ivor Lensworth Livingston, Praeger Publishers, 2004, pp. 757–75.

Kittles, R., and C. Royal. “The genetics of African Americans: Implications for disease gene mapping and identity.” Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Science beyond the Two-Culture Divide, 2003, pp. 219–33.

Bulgin, Dominique, et al. “Twelve tips for teaching a comprehensive disease-focused course with a global perspective: A sickle cell disease example..” Medical Teacher, vol. 41, no. 3, Mar. 2019, pp. 275–81. Epmc, doi:10.1080/0142159X.2017.1420151. Full Text

Baker, Charlotte, et al. “Implementation of the NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy: A Survey of Athletic Staff and Student-athletes..” Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 110, no. 6, Dec. 2018, pp. 564–73. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.jnma.2018.03.004. Full Text

Nelson, Sarah C., et al. “A content analysis of the views of genetics professionals on race, ancestry, and genetics..” Ajob Empirical Bioethics, vol. 9, no. 4, Oct. 2018, pp. 222–34. Epmc, doi:10.1080/23294515.2018.1544177. Full Text

Outram, S., et al. “Genes, Race, and Causation: US Public Perspectives About Racial Difference.” Race and Social Problems, vol. 10, no. 2, June 2018, pp. 79–90. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s12552-018-9223-7. Full Text

Christensen, Kurt D., et al. “A randomized controlled trial of disclosing genetic risk information for Alzheimer disease via telephone..” Genetics in Medicine : Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics, vol. 20, no. 1, Jan. 2018, pp. 132–41. Epmc, doi:10.1038/gim.2017.103. Full Text

McDonald, Mary Anne, et al. “Perspectives and Practices of Athletic Trainers and Team Physicians Implementing the 2010 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy..” Journal of Genetic Counseling, vol. 26, no. 6, Dec. 2017, pp. 1292–300. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10897-017-0107-6. Full Text

Ifekwunigwe, Jayne O., et al. “A Qualitative Analysis of How Anthropologists Interpret the Race Construct..” American Anthropologist, vol. 119, no. 3, Sept. 2017, pp. 422–34. Epmc, doi:10.1111/aman.12890. Full Text

Blanchard, Jessica W., et al. “Barriers and Strategies Related to Qualitative Research on Genetic Ancestry Testing in Indigenous Communities..” Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics : Jerhre, vol. 12, no. 3, July 2017, pp. 169–79. Epmc, doi:10.1177/1556264617704542. Full Text

Treadwell, M. J., et al. “Stakeholder Perspectives on Public Health Genomics Applications for Sickle Cell Disease: A Methodology for a Human Heredity and Health in Africa (H3Africa) Qualitative Research Study.” Omics a Journal of Integrative Biology, vol. 21, no. 6, June 2017, pp. 323–32. Scopus, doi:10.1089/omi.2017.0047. Full Text

Wagner, Jennifer K., et al. “Anthropologists' views on race, ancestry, and genetics..” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 162, no. 2, Feb. 2017, pp. 318–27. Epmc, doi:10.1002/ajpa.23120. Full Text


Dula, Annette, et al. “The ethical and social implications of exploring African American genealogies..” Developing World Bioethics, vol. 3, no. 2, 2003, pp. 133–41. Epmc, doi:10.1046/j.1471-8731.2003.00069.x. Full Text