• Publications of J. Lorand Matory

      • Books

          • J.L. Matory.
          • (2014).
          • Religión Afro-Atlántica: Tradición, Trasnacionalismo y Matriarcado en el Candomblé Brasileño.
          • Santiago de Cuba, Cuba:
          • Editorial Oriente/Casa del Caribe.
          Publication Description

          Spanish-language translation of Black Atlantic Religion. The classical African-inspired religions of the Americas result not from the inert "survival " of African identities and practices predating the slave trade but from a circum-Atlantic "dialogue" among Africans, African Americans, European colonialists, white creoles, and culturally hybrid black trans-Atlantic travelers, who selectively canonized and revised their African-inspired religions in reaction to the politics of multiple African colonies and American nation-states.

          This book was solicited for translation and presentation as the featured book of the "Festival del Caribe" in July 2014 or 2015, hosted by the Casa del Caribe in Santiago de Cuba.

          • J.L. Matory.
          • (2014).
          • Stigma and Culture: Global Migrations and the Crisis of Identity in Black America.
          Publication Description

          The dialectical construction of "cultural" identities among Caribbean immigrants, African immigrants, Louisiana Creoles of color,Native Americans of African descent, Gullah-Geechees, and soi-disant "middle-class" African Americans in and around Howard University is a locus classicus for the hypothesis that stigma is a driving force behind ethnogenesis worldwide. As a world of the stigmatized and ambitious, the university is an important site of the articulation of "cultural" identities whereby discreditable populations endeavor to distinguish themselves from the main "constituent other"--in this case, ostensibly normative African Americans--in the social field that they share. I coin the term "ethnological Schadenfreude" to explain the a priori and logically concomitant representation of the constituent other as culturally inferior.

          The book has been revised following anonymous review and is scheduled for publication in 2014.

          • J.L. Matory.
          • (2013).
          • The Homeward Ship: Analytic Tropes as Maps of and for African-Diaspora Cultural History".
          • The University of Wiconsin Press.
          • [web]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2012).
          • "Stigma and Culture: Global Migrations and the Crisis of Identity in Black America".
          • University of Chicago Press.
          Publication Description

          Culture and Stigma concerns personal experiences and the cultural self-fashioning of Louisiana Creoles of color, Indians of partly African ancestry, Gullah/Geechees, West Indians, and Africans at Howard University and in its alumni networks. The book explores the role of racism and other forms of stigma in the propagation of ethnic identities.

          I completed the manuscript in November.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2005).
          • Black Atlantic Religion: Tradition, Transnationalism and Matriarchy in the Afro-Brazilian Candomble.
          • Princeton, NJ:
          • Princeton University Press.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          Candomble and other African-inspired cultural phenomena are often thought to be the products of inert survival. Instead, they are often the products of strategic choice and invention amid ongoing communication by their practitioners with contemporaneous populations in Africa, and with merchants, writers, and politicians from other places and other classes. Throughout the century and a half of their active documentation, Candomble and similar African-diaspora practices demonstrate that transnationalism is not new.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2005).
          • Sex and the Empire That Is No More: Gender and the Politics of Metaphor in Oyo-Yoruba Religion.
          • second edition,
          • (Edited and updated version of the original 1994 publication)
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          The form and role of orisa-worship among the West Africa Yoruba has changed during the past two centuries in ways correlated with the changing overall political system. The relationships between men and women have provided two majors sorts of metaphor for the healthy and orderly relationship between gods and humans, rulers and subjects. The ritual metaphors invoked by priests and rulers have, in turn, transformed the quotidian relationships between men and women.

      • Essays, Articles, Chapters in Books

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2014).
          • Affirmative Scapegoating.
          • .
          • [web]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (February, 2012).
          • He Fit the Description: Prejudice and Pain in Progressive Communities.
          • Racism in the Academy: The New Millenium
          • Audrey Smedley and Janis Faye Hutchinson (Eds.),
          • ,
          • 138-44.
          • American Anthropological Association.
          • [web]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (June 2, 2009).
          • What Harvard Has Taught Me.
          • Harvard Crimson
          • .
          • [web]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (Spring, 2009).
          • "Favorite Professors" Open Letter to the Class of 2009.
          • In Elaine Liu (Eds.),
          • Harvard College Yearbook
          • ,
          • 2009
          • ,
          • 2009
          • ,
          • (pp. 53).
          • Cambridge, MA:
          • Harvard Yearbook Publications.
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          A reflection on the historic events of the past 22 years and of the past four years, appealing to the justice-minded activism of the graduating seniors. Also my farewell to Harvard.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2009).
          • "Letter to the Harvard Class of 1982." In Harvard and Radcliffe Class of 1982: 30th Anniversary Report (pp. 327-330). Cambridge, MA: Class Report Office.
          • .
          • [web]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2009).
          • Obituary: Elliot Percival Skinner (1924-2007).
          • American Anthropologist
          • ,
          • 111
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 125-30.
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          Obituary of the doyen of African-American anthropology, Franz Boas Professor Emeritus Elliot P. Skinner, of Columbia University.

          • J. Matory.
          • (2009).
          • "The Many Who Dance in Me: Afro-Atlantic Ontology and the Problem with 'Transnationalism'".
          • In Thomas Csordas (Eds.),
          • Transnational Transcendence
          • ,
          • (pp. 231-262).
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          The spirit possession religions of West Africa and its American diaspora, like many religions, are inherently transnationalist in their conceptions of the person.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (June 5, 2008).
          • "What Do Critics of Israel Have to Fear?".
          • The Harvard Crimson
          • ,
          • 2008
          • .
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          Documents multiple recent cases at Harvard University where critics of Israel were silenced in violation of principles that protect free speech on other topics.

          • J. Matory.
          • (February 5, 2008).
          • Obituary: David Maybury-Lewis--Anthropologist keen to protect the interests of the peoples of central Brazil.
          • The Guardian (London)
          • ,
          • 2008
          • .
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          Leading structuralist and Harvard anthropologist David Maybury-Lewis not only studied but also set the standard for culturally informed service and assistance to the indigenous peoples of lowland South America.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2008).
          • "Feminismo, nacionalismo, e a luta pelo significado do ade no Candomble.
          • Revista de Antropologia: Revista de Antropologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo
          • ,
          • 51
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 107-121.
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          US-based feminist anthropologist Ruth Landes introduced homophobic ideas into the Brazilian elite's understanding and treatment of male-loving priests of the Afro-Brazilian Candomble religion. This influence helps to explain the relatively recent numerical dominance of priestesses over priests in this religion.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2008).
          • The Illusion of Isolation: the Gullah/Geechees and the Political Economy of African Culture in the Americas.
          • Comparative Studies in Society and History
          • ,
          • 50
          • (4)
          • ,
          • 949-980.
          • [web]
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          The distinctiveness of Gullah/Geechee culture is explained better in terms of the people's long-term landownership than in terms of their isolation from other cultures. Alongside the cases of Brazilian Candomble, Louisiana Creole culture, and other African-American cultures, this case belies the racist premise that African culture survives in the Americas only where the alternative option of European-inspired culture has been unavailable for imitation.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2008).
          • Free to Be a Slave: Slavery as a Metaphor in the Afro-Atlantic Religions.
          • In Stephan Palmie (Eds.),
          • Africas of the Americas: Beyond the Search for Origins in the Study of Afro-Atlantic Religions
          • .
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          Whereas most African Americans and most university scholars regard enslavement as a demeaning condition, many African or African-inspired religions represent slaves as powerful and social hierarchy as a normal condition of life. Indeed, Christianity and Islam valorize slavery and the slave is ways that we seldom highlight or recognize as shaping publicly accepted conduct even in recent times.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2008).
          • Islands Are Not Isolated: Reconsidering the Roots of Gullah Distinctiveness.
          • In Dale Rosengarten, Theodore Rosengarten, and Enid Schildkrout (Eds.),
          • Transcendent Traditions: Baskets of Two Continents
          • ,
          • (pp. 232-243).
          • Long Island City, NY:
          • Museum for African Art.
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          The distinctiveness of Gullah/Geechee culture is explained better in terms of the people's long-term landownership than in terms of their isolation from other cultures. Alongside the cases of Brazilian Candomble, Louisiana Creole culture, and other African-American cultures, this case belies the racist premise that African culture survives in the Americas only where the alternative option of European-inspired culture has been unavailable for imitation.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2008).
          • "Is There Gender in Yoruba Culture?".
          • In K. Jacob Olupona and Terry Rey (Eds.),
          • Orisa Devotion as World Religion: the Globalization of Yoruba Religious Culture
          • .
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          Contributing to the most vigorous debate in Yoruba studies since the 1970s and refuting the widely-cited argument of Yoruba-American sociologist Oyeronke Oyewumi, this article offers extensive linguistic, archival, and ethnographic proof that gender and gender inequality have long existed in Yoruba culture, though their terms and operation of gender and gender inequality clearly vary from one society to another.

          • J. Matory.
          • (September 14, 2007).
          • Israel and Censorship at Harvard.
          • The Harvard Crimson
          • .
          • [web]
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          Harvard University President Lawrence H. Summers and his advocates create a self-fulfilling prophecy by declaring all critics of Israel anti-semites.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (June 7, 2007).
          • The Progressives' Prejudice.
          • The Harvard Crimson
          • ,
          • 2007
          • .
          • [HTML, PDF]
          Publication Description

          Like other communities of progressive and highly educated people, Harvard is often in denial about the perseverance of racism. Precipitated by the famous "Quad Incident," in which a fellow student called to police on black students holding a field day on campus.

          • J. Matory.
          • (30 November 2007).
          • Orwellian Uses of Free Speech.
          • The Harvard Crimson
          • ,
          • 2007
          • .
          • [HTML, PDF]
          Publication Description

          In recent debates at Harvard University, the discourse of "free speech" has been used to silence civil debate about Israel and its policies.

          • J. Matory.
          • (2007).
          • Free to Be a Slave: Slavery as a Metaphor in the Afro-Atlantic Religions.
          • Journal of Religion in Africa
          • ,
          • 37
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 398-425.
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          Whereas most African Americans and most university scholars regard enslavement as a demeaning condition, many African or African-inspired religions represent slaves as powerful and social hierarchy as a normal condition of life. Indeed, Christianity and Islam valorize slavery and the slave is ways that we seldom highlight or recognize as shaping publicly accepted conduct even in recent times.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2007).
          • Letter to the Harvard Class of 1982. In Harvard and Radcliffe Class of 1982: Twenty-fifth Anniversary Report (pp. 707-709). Cambridge,MA: Class Report Office..
          • .
          • [web]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (June 7, 2006).
          • Why I Stood Up: the Case against Summers.
          • The Harvard Crimson
          • ,
          • 2006
          • .
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          A detailed description of why the majority of the Harvard University faculty rejected the presidency of Lawrence H. Summers, after which he resigned.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2006).
          • Tradition, Transnationalism and Gender in the Afro-Brazilian Candomble.
          • In Doris Sommer (Eds.),
          • Cultural Agency in the Americas
          • ,
          • (pp. 121-145).
          • Durham and London:
          • Duke University Press.
          • [PDF]
          Publication Description

          The transnational influence of US feminist anthropologist Ruth Landes and Brazilian nationalist pride fueled homophobia in the treatment of male Candomble priests by the Brazilian state and bourgeoisie. The "cult matriarchy" identified by Ruth Landes in the 1930s was less an observation than a self-fulfilling prophecy.

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2006).
          • The New World Surrounds an Ocean: On the Live Dialogue between African and African American Cultures.
          • In Kevin Yelvington (Eds.),
          • Afro-Atlantic Dialogues
          • ,
          • (pp. 151-192).
          • Santa Fe, NM:
          • School of American Research.
          • [web]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2004).
          • Sexual Secrets: Candomblé, Brazil, and the Multiple Intimacies of the African Diaspora.
          • In Andrew Shryock (Eds.),
          • In Off Stage/On Display: Intimacy and Ethnography in the Age of Public Culture
          • ,
          • (pp. 157-190).
          • Palo Alto, CA:
          • Stanford University Press.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2004).
          • Gendered Agendas: the Secrets Scholars Keep about Yoruba-Atlantic Religion.
          • In Sandra Gunning, Tera W. Hunter and Michele Mitchell (Eds.),
          • Dialogues of Dispersal: Gender, Sexuality and African Diasporas
          • ,
          • A Gender and History special edition
          • ,
          • (pp. 13-43).
          • Malden, MA, and Oxford, UK:
          • Blackwell.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2003).
          • Gendered Agendas: the Secrets Scholars Keep about Yoruba-Atlantic Religion.
          • Gender and History
          • ,
          • 15
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 408-38.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2002).
          • Contradiction and Forgetting among the Yewésseys.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 10
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 2-12.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2001).
          • El nuevo imperio Yoruba: Textos, migración y el auge transatlántico de la nación lucumí.
          • In Rafael Hernández and John Coatsworth (Eds.),
          • Culturas encontradas: Cuba y los Estados Unidos
          • ,
          • (pp. 167-188).
          • Havana and Cambridge, MA:
          • Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo de la Cultura Juan Marinello and David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, Harvard University.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2001).
          • The Gullah and the Black Atlantic.”.
          • Footsteps: African American History and Heritage Magazine
          • ,
          • 10-11.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2001).
          • Africans in the United States.
          • Footsteps: African American History and Heritage Magazine
          • ,
          • 6-9.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2001).
          • The ‘Cult of Nations’ and the Ritualization of their Purity.
          • South Atlantic Quarterly
          • ,
          • special issue on “Atlantic Genealogies”
          • ,
          • 100
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 171-214.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2000).
          • Surpassing ‘Survivals’: On the Urbanity of ‘Traditional Religion’ in the Afro-Atlantic World.
          • The Black Scholar
          • ,
          • 30
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 36-43.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1999).
          • Jeje: Repensando Nações e Transnacionalismo.
          • Mana: Estudos de Antropologia Social
          • ,
          • Rio de Janeiro
          • ,
          • 5
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 57-80.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1999).
          • Afro-Atlantic Culture: On the Live Dialogue between Africa and the Americas.
          • In Henry Louis Gates and K. Anthony Appiah (Eds.),
          • Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience
          • ,
          • (pp. 36-44).
          • New York:
          • Basic Civitas Books.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1999).
          • The English Professors of Brazil: On the Diasporic Roots of the Yoruba Nation.
          • Comparative Studies in Society and History
          • ,
          • 41
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 72-103.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1998).
          • Yorubá: As Rotas e as Raízes da Nação Transatlântica, 1830-1950.
          • Horizontes Antropológicos
          • ,
          • Porto Alegre, Brazil
          • ,
          • 4
          • (9)
          • ,
          • 263-292.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1998).
          • Yoruba: A World Civilization.
          • Calliope: World History for Young People
          • ,
          • February
          • ,
          • 4-6.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1997).
          • Religions, African, in the Americas.
          • In John Middleton (Eds.),
          • In The Encyclopedia of Sub-Saharan Africa
          • New York:
          • Simon and Schuster.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1997).
          • The King's Male-Order Bride: the Making of a Yoruba Priest in a Post-Modern Age.
          • In Flora Kaplan (Eds.),
          • Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power: Case Studies in African Gender
          • ,
          • 810 of the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
          • ,
          • (pp. 381-400).
          • New York:
          • New York Academy of Arts and Sciences..
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1994).
          • Rival Empires: Islam and the Religions of Spirit Possession among the Ọyọ-Yoruba.
          • American Ethnologist
          • ,
          • 21
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 495-515.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1993).
          • Government by Seduction: History and the Tropes of 'Mounting' in Ọyọ-Yoruba Religion.
          • In Jean Comaroff and John Comaroff (Eds.),
          • Modernity and Its Malcontents: Ritual and Power in Africa
          • Chicago:
          • University of Chicago Press.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1988).
          • Homens Montados: homossexualidade e simbolismo da possessão nas religiões afro-brasileiras" (Mounted Men: homosexuality and the symbolism of possession in the Afro-Brazilian religions).
          • Escravidão e Invenção da Liberdade, ed. João José Reis
          • São Paulo:
          • Editora Brasiliense.
          • [PDF]
      • Papers Published

          • J.L. Matory.
          • One Duke professor's Trayvon Martin moment.
          • .
          • [web]
      • Mass Media

          • J.L. Matory.
          • (2013).
          • "Global Affirmative Action in a Neoliberal Age".
          • .
          Publication Description

          In a half-dozen countries around the world, affirmative action and its counterparts have been prompted by diverse circumstances, taken diverse forms,encountered diverse forms of resistance, and had diverse outcomes. While its implementation is increasingly challenges in the US, it is being implemented with increasing frequency and intensity in many countries, and often with a broader and more radical set of goals.

          I was the Executive Producer of this latest CAAAR production. I reviewed the transcripts of our fall 2012 scholarly conference, distilled the central themes, researched affirmative action-related news, constructed the story line and worked with the Director in coordinating a team of professors, researchers, editors and cinematographers. The film integrates footage of scholar interviews with real-world footage of the people and populations affected. This is a painstaking and original scholarly intervention, in every way equivalent to a publication.

      • Book Reviews

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1998).
          • Book Review of Yoruba Sacred Kingship: “ A Power Like that of the Gods” (1996) by John Pemberton, III, and Funşọ Afọlayan.
          • Anthropological Quarterly
          • ,
          • 71
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 155-156.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1996).
          • Revisiting the African Diaspora –book review essay concerning Joseph M. Murphy's Working the Spirit (1994), George Brandon's Santeria from Africa to the New World (1993), and Ysamur Flores-Peña and Roberta J. Evanchuk's Santería Garments and Altars (1994).
          • American Anthropologist
          • ,
          • 88
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 167-70..
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1993).
          • Review article on Creativity of Power: Essays on Cosmology and Action in African Societies (1989).
          • Journal of Religion in Africa
          • ,
          • Ivan Karp and William Arens (Eds.),
          • 23
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 175-80.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (1991).
          • Book review of Africanisms in American Culture.
          • American Anthropologist
          • ,
          • Joseph E. Holloway (Eds.),
          • 93
          • ,
          • 489-90.
          • [PDF]
      • Other

          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2007).
          • On Rings amid Somersaults There: Poetry, Parody, Parenting.
          • Cambridge:
          • Two Birches Press.
          • [PDF]
          • J. Lorand Matory.
          • (2005).
          • “’To Rise So High’: In remembrance of Yvedt Lové Matory, M.D.” Washington National Cathedral, April 2005..
          • .
          • [web]