James B. Duke Professor of Sociology
My program of research is conceptually grounded in life course, developmental, and ecological perspectives and focuses on three themes concerning the lives of America's poorest urban, small town, and rural families: (1) intergenerational family structures, processes, and role transitions; (2) the meaning of context and place in the daily lives of families; and, (3) childhood adultification and the accelerated life course. My methodological approach to exploring these issues is comparative, longitudinal, and multi-method. The comparative dimension of my research comprises in-depth within group analysis of low income African American, White, and, Hispanic/Latino families, as well as systematic examinations of similarities and differences across groups. I employ longitudinal designs in my studies to identify distinct and often nuanced contextual and ethnic/racial features of development that shape the family structures, processes (e.g., intergenerational care-giving) and life course transitions (e.g., grandparenthood, marriage) families experience over time. I am principally an ethnographer, but integrate survey and geographic and spatial analysis in my work. I was one of six principal investigators involved in an multisite, multi-method collaborative study of the impact of welfare reform on families and children (Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study). I directed the ethnographic component of the Three-City Study and was also principal investigator of an ethnographic study of rural poverty and child development (The Family Life Project).
Behavioral and Physiology in Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2015 to 2020
Doctoral Dissertation Research: Unpacking Inequality in the Federal and Faith-Based Healthcare Safety Net awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018
John Wesley Fellowship awarded by A Foundation for Theological Education (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2017
Longevity and Stress in African American Families awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2016
Behavior And Physiology In Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 1999 to 2015
Doctoral Dissertation Research: Betting on Black and White: Race and Gender Stereotypes in the Medicalization of Problem awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2014
Unpacking Low-Income Mothers Intimate Unions: An Ethnographic Analysis awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2014
Doctoral Dissertation Research: Bringing the War Home: Racial and Gender Differences in Patterns of Post-Conflict awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2013
Drug Policy, Incarceration, Community Re-entry, and Race Disparities in HIV/AIDS awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2009 to 2010
Family Resource Allocation in Urban and Rural Communities awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2008
Communities, neighborhood, and health: Expanding the boundaries of place. Ed. LM Burton, S Kemp, M Leung, S Matthews, and D Takeuchi. New York: Springer, 2011.
Burton, LM, Hernandez, D, and Hofferth, S. Families, youth, and childrens well being. Washington, DC: American Sociological Association, 1998.
Intergenerational issues in aging. Ed. WK Schaie, VL Bengston, and LM Burton. New York: Springer, 1995.
A new look at families and aging. Ed. LM Burton. New York: Baywood Publishing, 1993.
Oxford handbook of the social science of poverty (In preparation). Ed. D Brady and LM Burton. New York: Oxford University Press.
Burton, L. "Review of Family and individual development by J.A. Meacham." Contemporary sociology 16.1 (January 1987).
Burton, L. "Grandparents/grandchildren: The vital connection." International Journal of Gerontology (January 1986).
Burton, L, Winn, DM, Stevenson, H, and McKinney, M. "Childhood adultification and the paradox of parenting: Perspectives on African American boys in economically disadvantaged families." Family problems: Stress, risk, and resilience. Ed. J Arditti. New York: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2015.
Burton, LM, and Stack, CB. "“Breakfast at Elmo’s”: Adolescent boys and disruptive politics in the kinscripts narrative." Open to Disruption: Time and Craft in the Practice of Slow Sociology. January 1, 2014. 174-191.
Burton, LM, Welsh, W, and Destro, L. "Grandmothers’ differential involvment with grandchildren in rural multi-partnered fertility family structures." From generation to generation: Continuity and discontinuity in aging families. Ed. M Silverstein and R Giarrusso. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.
Burton, LM, Garrett-Peters, R, and Eason, J. "Morality, identity, and mental health in rural ghettos." Communities,neighborhoods, and health: Expanding the boundaries of place. Ed. LM Burton, S Kemp, L M, S Matthews, and D Takeuchi. New York: Springer, 2011.
Burton, LMG-P, Garrett-Peters, R, and Eaton, SC. "More than good quotations: How ethnography informs knowledge on adolescent development and context." Handbook of adolescent psychology: Vol. 1. Ed. RM Lerner and L Steinberg. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2009.
Burton, LM. "Uncovering hidden facts that matter in interpreting individuals’ behaviors: An ethnographic lens." Families as they really are. Ed. BJ Risman. New York: Norton Publishers, 2009.
Burton, LM, Purvin, D, and Garrett-Peters, R. "Longitudinal ethnography: Uncovering domestic abuse in low-income women’s lives." The craft of life course studies. Ed. G Elder and JZ Giele. New York: Guilford Press, 2009.
Roy, D, and Burton, LM. "'Show me you can be a father': Maternal monitoring and recruitment of fathers for invovvement in low-income families." Monitoring families. Ed. M Nelson and AI Garey. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 2009.
Burton, L. "Mothering through recruitment: Kinscription of non-residential fathers and father figures in low-income families." American families: A multicultural reader. Ed. S Coontz. New York: Routledge, 2008.
Skinner, D, Lachicotte, W, and Burton, LM. "Childhood disability and poverty: How families navigate health care and coverage." Health and medical care. Ed. BA Arrighi and DJ Maume. New York: Praeger Press, 2007.
Willoughby, MT, Magnus, B, Vernon-Feagans, L, and Blair, CB. "Developmental Delays in Executive Function from 3 to 5 Years of Age Predict Kindergarten Academic Readiness." Journal of Learning Disabilities 50.4 (July 2017): 359-372. Full Text
Kuhn, LJ, Willoughby, MT, Vernon-Feagans, L, and Blair, CB. "The contribution of children’s time-specific and longitudinal expressive language skills on developmental trajectories of executive function." Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 148 (August 2016): 20-34. Full Text
Odom, EC, Garrett-Peters, P, and Vernon-Feagans, L. "Racial Discrimination as a Correlate of African American Mothers’ Emotion Talk to Young Children." Journal of Family Issues 37.7 (May 2016): 970-996. Full Text
Berry, D, Blair, C, and Granger, DA. "Child Care and Cortisol Across Infancy and Toddlerhood: Poverty, Peers, and Developmental Timing." Ed. W Middlemiss. Family Relations 65.1 (February 2016): 51-72. Full Text
Bair-Merritt, MH, Voegtline, K, Ghazarian, SR, Granger, DA, Blair, C, and Johnson, SB. "Maternal intimate partner violence exposure, child cortisol reactivity and child asthma." Child abuse & neglect 48 (October 2015): 50-57. Full Text
Blair, C, Ursache, A, Mills-Koonce, R, Stifter, C, Voegtline, K, Granger, DA, and Family Life Project Investigators, . "Emotional reactivity and parenting sensitivity interact to predict cortisol output in toddlers." Developmental psychology 51.9 (September 2015): 1271-1277. Full Text
Garrett-Peters, R, and Burton, LM. "Reframing Marriage and Marital Delay Among Low-Income Mothers: An Interactionist Perspective." Ed. TL Goodsell and A Zvonkovic. Journal of Family Theory & Review 7.3 (September 2015): 242-264. Full Text
Willoughby, MT, Stifter, CA, Gottfredson, NC, and Family Life Project Investigators, . "The epidemiology of observed temperament: Factor structure and demographic group differences." Infant behavior & development 39 (May 2015): 21-34. Full Text
Zvara, BJ, Mills-Koonce, WR, Heilbron, N, Clincy, A, and Cox, MJ. "The Interdependence of Adult Relationship Quality and Parenting Behaviours among African American and European Couples in Rural, Low-Income Communities." Ed. ES Lunkenheimer and EM Leerkes. Infant and Child Development 24.3 (May 2015): 343-363. Full Text
Ritchie, L, and Burton, L. "WEATHERING OF LOW-INCOME WOMEN IN RURAL NORTH CAROLINA: IMPACT OF SEXUAL ABUSE & DOMESTIC VIOLENCE." GERONTOLOGIST 54 (November 2014): 113-113.
Burton, L, Benjamin, A, Hurt, T, Woodruff, SL, and Kolak, A. An ethnographic study of low-income non-entrants to TANF: Welfare experiences, diversions, and making ends meet. 2003.
Burton, L, Tubbs, C, Odoms, AM, Oh, HJ, Mello, ZR, and Cherlin, A. Welfare reform, poverty, and health: Ethnographic perspectives on health status and health insurance coverage in low-income families. 2003.
Slattery, E, Skinner, D, Lahicotte, W, Cherlin, A, and Burton, LM. Disability, health coverage, and welfare reform. 2002.
Moffitt, R, Cherlin, AJ, Burton, L, King, M, and Roff, J. The characteristics of families of families remaining on welfare. 2001.
Cherlin, AJ, Burton, L, Francis, J, Henrici, J, Lein, L, Quane, J, and Bogen, K. Sanctions and case closings for noncompliance: Who is affected and why. 2000.
Cherlin, AJ, Winston, P, Angel, RJ, Burton, L, Chase-Lansdale, PL, Moffitt, RA, Wilson, WJ, Quane, J, and Levine-Coley, R. What welfare recipients know about the new rules and what they have to say about them. 2000.
Winston, P, Angel, RJ, Burton, L, Chase-Lansdale, PL, Cherlin, AJ, Moffitt, RA, and Wilson, WJ. Welfare, children, and families: Overview and design. 1999.
Burton, L, Cherlin, AJ, Francis, J, Jarrett, RL, Quane, J, Williams, C, and Stem Cook, MN. What welfare recipients and the fathers of their children are saying about welfare reform. 1998.
Burton, LM. Family structure and nonmarital fertility: Perspectives from ethnographic research. Department of Health and Human Services, 1995.